Aus dem Weltbank Strategiepapier: Covid Projektdauer und Geldfluß an die Länder

Expected Project Approval   Date   02-Apr-2020

Expected Project Closing    Date   31-Mar-2025
Expected Program Closing Date   31-Mar-2025
Bank/IFC Collaboration
No
MPA Program Development Objective
The Program Development Objective is to prevent, detect and respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and
strengthen national systems for public health preparedness
MPA Financing Data (US$, Millions) Financing

….

MPA FINANCING DETAILS (US$, Millions)
MPA FINA NCING DET AILS (US$, Millions) Approved
MPA Program Financing Envelope: 6,000.00
of which Bank Financing (IBRD): nichts in der Spalte (leer)
of which Bank Financing (IDA): leer
of which other financing sources: leer
PROJECT FINANCING DATA (US$, Millions)

Total Project Cost 4,000.00
Total Financing 0.00
of which IBRD/IDA 0.00
Financing Gap 4,000.00
IDA Resources (in US$, Millions)
Credit Amount     Grant Amount     Guarantee Amount     Total Amount

World      1,000.00                300.00                    0.00                                   1,300.00
Crisis Response Window
(CRW)     1,000.00                 300.00                     0.00                                   1,300.00
Total       1,000.00                 300.00                     0.00                                    1,300.00

Climate Change and Disaster Screening
This operation has not been screened for short and long-term climate change and disaster risks
Explanation:
Responding to Natural or Man-made Disaster
SYSTEMATIC OPERATIONS RISK-RATING TOOL (SORT)
Risk Category Rating
1. Political and Governance ⚫ High
2. Macroeconomic ⚫ High
3. Sector Strategies and Policies ⚫ Substantial
4. Technical Design of Project or Program ⚫ Substantial
5. Institutional Capacity for Implementation and Sustainability ⚫ High
6. Fiduciary ⚫ High
7. Environment and Social ⚫ Substantial

….

Seite 8

I. STRATEGIC CONTEXT
1. On March 3, 2020, the Board of Executive Directors endorsed the World Bank Group (WBG) to take urgent action supporting client countries’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Board further authorized the establishment of a US$12 billion WBG Fast Track COVID-19 Facility (FTCF or “Facility”) to assist IDA and IBRD eligible countries in addressing this global pandemic and its impacts. Of this amount, US$6 billion would come from IBRD/IDA (‘the Bank”).

International Finance Corporation (IFC) has subsequently increased its amount from US$6 billion to US$8 billion, which brings the FTCF total to US$14 billion.

On March 17, 2020, the Executive Directors granted approval of specific waivers and exceptions required to enable the rapid preparation and implementation of country operations processed under this Facility.

Given the impact of the outbreak on economic activity, there will also be need for response to economic and social disruption resulting from the spread of the virus.

As announced by WBG President in the remarks to G20 Leaders’ Virtual Summit on March 26, 2020, the WBG has capacity to provide US$150- 160 billion in total financial support over the next 15 months, and US$330-350 billion until the end of June 2023.
1 2 The WBG would

  • support countries to shorten the time to recovery;
  • create conditions for growth;
  • support small and medium enterprises;
  • and help protect the poor and vulnerable.
  • Additionally, the Bank is restructuring existing projects in 23 countries, many of these through the use of contingent emergency response components (CERCs)3. Restrukturieren bestehehender Projekte erscheint ihnen nötig.

IFC is already working on new investments in 300 companies and extending trade finance and working capital lines to clients. Wer sind denn diese ominösen Klienten?

2. This document4  describes a programmatic framework responding to the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the ‘COVID-19 Strategic Preparedness and Response Program (SPRP)’, which utilizes the Multiphase Programmatic Approach (MPA), to be supported under the FTCF.

The proposed Program, by visibly committing substantial resources (IBRD/IDA financing for SPRP is US$6 billion), and complementing funding by countries and activities supported by other partners, would help ensure adequate resources to fund a rapid emergency response
to COVID-19. In parallel, it is being submitted for approval the financing of Phase 1 of the Program for 25 Investment
Project Financing operations under the SPRP for countries across the world.

The 25 countries are:

Afghanistan, Argentina,

Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Congo Democratic Republic of,

Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia,

Gambia, Ghana,
Haiti, India,

Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic,

Maldives, Mauritania, Mongolia,

Pakistan, Paraguay, San Tome & Principe,
Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka,

Tajikistan, and Yemen (the list of country operations is in Annex I of this document
and the country operations are described in their respective Project Appraisal Documents (PADs)).

The PADs for the
25 country projects included in this Phase 1 package are available online.
3. The Phase 1 Bank financing for these 25 operations consists of:

(i) IBRD loans, in the amount of US$1,123.8 million; and

(ii) IDA credits in the amount of US$774.75 million.

Given the emergency of the situation, procurement under these projects will be frontloaded to the maximum extent possible according to the availability of medical supplies during the first year of project implementation.

Most of the funds under each of the country projects has been allocated for supporting priority containment and mitigation activities under Component 1–Emergency COVID-19 Response.

1 “World Bank Group President David Malpass Remarks to G20 Leaders’ Virtual Summit”. March 26, 2020. Available at:
https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/speech/2020/03/26/world-bank-group-president-david-malpass-remarks-to-g20-leaders-virtual-summit
2 These numbers are based on current market conditions and includes the $14 billion Fast Track COVID-19 Response Program.
3 World Bank Management is keeping the Board of Executive Directors fully informed on progress with work under different operations, including a briefing to take place on March 26, 2020. The Bank is also preparing a paper on economic impacts which will be made available to the Board.
4 On March 17, 2020, the WBG Executive Directors approved a Fast Track COVID-19 Facility (FTCF) of $14 billion for an emergency response to the virus

4. Urgency of the Global Response. Differing from a gradual-onset disaster (such as a drought), where a more thorough preparation of a standard investment operation may be feasible and preferable, the COVID-19 pandemic is dramatically increasing its global toll on morbidity and mortality on a daily basis. The COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to reverse the health and development gains achieved in recent decades, as a result of both progress against communicable diseases and improved social and economic conditions.

Ominously, even if the COVID-19 transmission could be halted today in the most heavily affected countries, the spread of new infections in poor, densely populated countries, where weak health systems need massively scalable investments in human capital, supplies and infrastructure, will continue to threaten the entire global community.

This pandemic context demands an evidence-based and well-coordinated global containment and mitigation strategy, with the highest priority, as no country is immune to the spread of a virus that does not respect national borders.
5. Global Public Goods and Externalities. As observed by leading global experts, the COVID- outbreak is a stark remainder of the ongoing challenge of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need for constant disease surveillance, prompt diagnosis, and robust research to understand the basic biology of new organisms and our susceptibilities to them, as well as to develop effective countermeasures to control them.

5 Transmissibility and severity are the two most critical factors that determine the effect of an epidemic. New epidemics may cause rapid and large spill-over effects that transcend national boundaries. The worldwide spread of COVID-19 is demonstrating the impact that infectious diseases of animal origin can exert on the global health and development.

A key justification for the Bank’s involvement, therefore, is the Global Public Goods aspect of the COVID-19 response.

To be successful, effective containment and mitigation of COVID-19, and eventual suppression of the virus, will require that all IDA/IBRD countries to jointly support a prevention and control effort of unprecedented scale to be successful.

It is especially important that support be available to low-and lower middle-income countries, where health systems are weaker, living conditions often more overcrowded, and populations most vulnerable.
6. The Global Spread of the of COVID-19. Since December 2019, following the diagnosis of the initial cases in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, the number of cases outside China has increased rapidly and the number of affected countries continues to grow (Figure 1). On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global pandemic. Figure 1 details the exponential global spread of COVID-19. just for the record: nachdem „sie“ die Definition für „Pandemie“ abgeändert haben, um überhaupt ihr Projekt durchziehen zu können. Ähnlich passierte dies in Deutschland, wo man die rechtseinschränkenden Massnahmen, die an den Begriff und die Vorstellung von „Seuche“ gekoppelt waren, abänderte, ohne daß es groß in das öffentliche Bewußtsein drang. Diese Umänderung wurde mit dem Argument begründet, daß man einer „Weltorganisation“ WHO folge, also einem nicht-gewählten und unkontrolliertem „Gremium“ angeblich besonderer Weisheit und Kompetenz. Man brauchte dafür mehrere Anläufe wie Vgel- und Schweinegrippe, um festzustellen, wo etwas hakt, welche Änderungen man braucht, welche Strukturen geschaffen werden müssen, um über „die Gesundheit“ in sozialistischer Vorstellung die Welt zu unterjochen. Und sie sind noch immer dabei. Wir sind mittendrin … kaum nennenswerter Widerstand. 800.000 auf der Strasse! Gratulation, aber wurde auch nur etwas von den Strukturen oder Gesetzen oder Vorschriften zurückgenommen? Ein Yota? Man sollte keine Bemühung geringschätzen, doch die zugehörige Analyse muß ohne Illusionsschleier erfolgen, denn wer glaubt, das derzeitige Murren aus dem Unterdeck wäre vom Oberdeck nicht längst eingepreist, der lebt in Wolkenkuckucksheim.

Wenn der texanische Rinderzüchter sein Vieh von den Weiden holt, errichtet er vorher seine Corrals. Ein ausgeklügeltes, von in der Sache erfahrenen Leuten gebautes und geplantes Labyrinth aus Zäunen, mittels derer die Sortierung stattfindet. Die einen Wege führen zum Brandmarken, die anderen sortieren die Mutterkühe aus, andere Abzweigungen führen zur Kastration, zum Rodeo oder zur Sammelstelle für die Zuchtauktion … und ein großer Teil führt auf „die Rampe“. Und viele Entscheidungen fallen WÄHREND dieses Sortierungsprozesses. Während das Vieh dann in den Sammelstellen zur Ruhe kommt, wird der Zaun repariert, die untaugliche Bullenpeitsche gegen einen Elektroschocker getauscht …

 

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